The Amazon Rainforest

Amazonas is a rainforest covering territories in nine different South American countries. More than 60% of the Amazonas rainforest is located in Brazil. Amazonas is also the name of world’s longest river. It originates in the Andes and flows all the way 3700 km down to the costs where it meets the Atlantic Ocean. Moreover, Amazonas is the name of the biggest state in Brazil.

The name Amazonas has its origin from ancient Greek mythology. When Francisco Orellana 1541 was searching for El Dorado in Peru he travelled all the down to the Atlantic Coast. He thought the longhaired warriors they met were women and called them Amazons like the female warriors in the Greek mythology.

One third of all the species in the world live in the Amazonas. New species are still discovered every year.

The Amazon river is full of life

Sea bass – this fish can weigh up to 15 kilos. Easy to recognize because it looks as if it has an eye on the back

Dourado – the golden fish – nice to eat

Pirarucu – the biggest of them all. Can become 2,5 meters long

Catfish – easy to catch

Paraci – the fish is round as a discus and weigh less than a kilo

Piranha – in total there are 15 different kinds of piranha in the Amazon river. In the area of the lodge there are five different kinds: Black, White, Yellow, Cashew and Maura.

Caiman – a caiman is a crocodilian alligatorid. You can find three different kinds of caiman in the lodge area: Tinga, Pedra (stone) and Acu (black)

Piranha

There are 280 different kinds of trees in the area around the lodge including 45 different kinds of palm trees.

Sapopema – the tree looks like big elephant ears with roots and lianas

Samauma: – very large trees that grow partly under water

Acai – produces the famous energy drink. This is a tree that likes to be both on land and in water. The electric eels like to eat the roots that look like a rasta pigtail.

Acacu – the tree has a timber with excellent buoyancy. Our lodge actually floating on acacu logs

Itauba – the best timber for making canoes

Castanha de Para – It is one of the largest and longest living trees in the Amazon rainforest. This is the tree that produces the famous Brazil nut (para nut).

Aquiruara – a tree that rows very straight and has made the timber popular for making telephone posts

Rainforest

The rainforest canopy has an abundant amount of different birds.

Ibis Verde – in Portuguese the bird is called Corocoro, which exactly the sound it makes

King Fisher – there are 5 different kinds of kingfishers in the area

Tucans – around the lodge you can find 6 kinkds of tucans. A characteristic of the bird is that it sounds like a small barking dog

Hawk – the local hawks are mainly feeding from the fish in the river

Tiger Heron – in Portugues Soco Boi – Sounds like a cow. The throat can be surprisingly long Eagle – the local eagles are majestic birds that can be spotted from the lodge

Colibri – there are 20 different kinds of Colibri in the area, but very difficult to spot

Woodpecker – Pica pau – this bird is also difficult to spot, but you can often hear them on the jungle walk as they sounds like a machine guns when pecking on the tree trunks

Jungle Captain – a small bird that you always meet on the jungle walk

Arara parrots –  these large parrots are perhaps the most well-known type of parrots. You can spot 3 kinds of arara parrots;  yellow and blue, red and blue,  and yellow and green, Parrots – around the lodge you can alos find 5 kinds of small parrots

Parrots

The most common land animals you find around the lodge are Caipivara, Tamandua, Tatu, Quati, Ocelot, Onca Pintada, Onca preta, Puma, Jaguaretica and Jaguarand

Ocelot